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Study Opportunities' Blog

Infographics, Fake news and Malware

Welcome back to the blog. A few housekeeping changes this week before we get into the news.

  1. We have decided to enable comments on a trial basis to get feedback from you on the type of news you want to see and to enable you to share ideas, resources, etc. So that comments do not make the posts too long, you need to click on the 'Comments' link at the bottom of the post to view / make comments on the post.
  2. To prevent spam and abuse we have, for the moment, made it so that comments containing links need to be approved before they appear - this is to help prevent the spread of malware / spam.
  3. When you view comments you can also access social media sharing links to each post. Sharing a post that you find interesting will help other teachers to discover and read the blog - and hopefully add value to their teaching as well. Please share if you think the post is worth reading!

Teaching about Fake News

It looks like 2017 is not only the year of fake news, but also the year in which we have to make an important change to the way we talk about the web and web content with our learners.

Yes, it is true that the web enables anyone to publish anything. Yes it is true that this has been a great enabler for people in general to express themselves and spread news that might otherwise be suppressed.

The thing is, the value of the content on the web depends very much on the sense of integrity and responsibility of those creating that content. The current trend of spreading blatant untruths without pause or hesitation or thought for the consequences devalues the web as a source of reliable content. We need to address this issue in the classroom. The least we (and our learners) can do is identify and refuse to spread fake news.

We know that Fake News has become an issue after the creation of both the CAPS and the textbooks and therefore resources for this topic are scarce. We will continue to feature 'Fake News Corner' in all the blogs throughout the year.

Why is Fake News spread?

Three main reasons are:

  1. To make money with sensationalist click-bait
  2. To further specific agendas and protect dubious people / actions / intentions by muddying the truth
  3. Genuine satire meant to create awareness and ridicule various topics.

This Weeks Fake News links:

  • MyBroadband : How to stop falling for fake news on Facebook.
  • Factcheck.org: How to spot fake news.
  • BBC: How do fake news web sites make money?
  • News 24: Alert - USA still requires Visas for South African Travellers
  • CNN: A video showing the very real impact of fake news on an individual refugee in Germany.

And, in other news - to show that accuracy and integrity is important, Wikipedia has banned the use of the Daily Mail (UK Newspaper) as a source because of its unreliability, bias and inaccuracy! Whatever you do, don't use the Daily Mail as a source to check the accuracy of something you think might be fake news! Read it at The Guardian.

Classroom Resources

This week we have a few InfoGraphics that could be useful for your classroom. Finding good material to print and put on your noticeboards / classroom walls is hard. Here's some useful stuff! To check out lots of other interesting infographics visit coolinfographics.com.

Make sure to tell your Art department that the Metropolitan Museum of Art has made 375 000 high res images of art free to download and use as you wish! What an amazing resource! They explain the move to 'open access' here.

Can you spot the phish? This article from CSO Online makes for a great classroom exercise. It shows a number of real phishing emails and asks you to try and identify why they are phishing mails. It also gives explanations that you can share with your learners.

Filleless Malware

We all know that anti-virus software works by scanning files on your storage for known signatures of viruses and other malware. The question is - what happens when the malware does not store itself as a file but simply loads itself into memory, leaving no trace for anti-malware software to find? The answer is that the malware becomes almost impossible to detect and eliminate. The scary thing is that, although a proven concept since 2015, fileless malware is hitting the news in a big way this week. It seems that a spate of this type of attacks against mainly banks has been detected in the last while. The good guys are going have to put in looooong hours to find a solution to this one!

Read about it at Wired and Boing Boing and the Hacker News.

The Ransomware Industry

CSO Online says the stats prove the move away from general malware toward Ransomware. Apparently there was a 6% decline in new types of malware last year - at only 60 million new varieties been listed. They proceed to give various reasons, but the astonishing fact is:

The number of attacks increased 167 times.
Not 167 percent -- 167 times, from 3.8 million ransomware attack attempts in 2015 to 638 million in 2016.

And if you are in any doubt about how Ransomware is becoming big business, read this eye-opener from Boing Boing about the customer service offered by the operators of the Spora Ransomware. They want to make sure you trust that if you pay your files will be decrypted...

Ransomware is not the only type of hacking going commercial. More proof that hacking is being run like a business is the offering of payment for insider information / passwords / logins. The Hacker News has the low down on how porn and credit card numbers is not all that you can buy on the Dark Web.

That's it for this week. We hope you'll start making use of comments and shares - if you think that what we've got to say is worth it!


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